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1981. The technobureaucratic class is increasingly powerful but we should not be deterministic about it. (Introduction to the first edition of A Sociedade Estatal e a Tecnoburocracia)

1981. The distinction between productive and unproductive labour was not developed by Adam Smith and Marx to define the class system. Rather, it was originally used to describe the rise of capitalism in England. Poulantzas, however, sought to utilize these two concepts in order to define a new class - the new petty bourgeoisie. Capitalists would be the owners of the means of production; the working class, blue-collar employees, the productive workers; and the new class, the new petty bourgeoisie, the unproductive workers. In this chapter I will discuss this attempt, showing that the categories of productive and unproductive labour, not only do not help in the characterization of social classes, but have also lost their usefulness for helping to understand contemporary capitalism.

1981. Economic policy is becoming endogenous as the state gets immobilised for fiscal and financial reasons. (Paper Brazilian Journal of Political Economy)

1980. Resenha de Ralph Miliband (1977 [1979]).  Rio de Janeiro, Zahar Editores, 1979.

1979. Political economy born with capitalism, administrative theory rose with monopolist capitalism and the growth of business firms. Economics discusses market coordination of economic systems, administration, power coordination of organizations.(Note: Revista de Administração de Empresas)

1977. A response to Giannotti. In the technobureaucratic mode of production the founding relation of production ceases to be the capital to become the bureaucratic organization. (Note: Estudos Cebrap)

1977. This article was the base for the book, O Colapso de uma Aliança de Classes. With president Geisel's "Pacote de Abril" (1977), the aliance between the bourgeoisie and the military technobureaucracy starts breaking down, ( Article in Folha de S.Paulo)