BRAZILIAN ECONOMY

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1992. Stabilization and other market-oriented economic reforms face a double challenge in new democracies: they have to be economically effective and politically feasible. Since 1980 Latin America faced a debt crisis and a crisis of the state. Now, two competing interpretations are present the neo-liberal Washington Consensus and the fiscal crisis of the state approach. The later anticipates the 2003 "new developmentalism". (Paper: Chapter 1 of Economic Reforms in New Democracies).

1993. Since 1980 Latin American faced a debt crisis and a crisis of the state, which was also a crisis of the developmentalist interpretation. Now, two competing interpretations are present: the neoliberal Washington Consensus and the fiscal crisis of the state approach. English and French versions available. This is a preliminary version of my chapter in Economic Reforms in New Democracies, 1993. The "fiscal crisis approach" anticipates the 2003 "new developmentalism". (Paper: Novos Estudos CEBRAP )*

1993. After the dependency interpretation of Latin America, now two competing interpretations are present: the neoliberal Washington Consensus and what I propose: the fiscal crisis of the state approach. Portuguese and French versions available. This paper is a preliminary version of my chapter in Economic Reforms in New Democracies (1993). The "fiscal crisis approach" anticipates the 2003 "new developmentalism". (Paper: Instituto Norte-Sul Discussion Paper)

1988. The country will only be able to resume growth if it combines fiscal adjustment with a substantial reduction of the the foreign debt, which should be unilateral, given the lack of dispostion of creditor to negotiate the securitization that I previously proposed. Versão inglesa ligeiramente reduzida em Christine Bogdanowicz-Bindert, org., Solving the Global Debt Crisis, New York: Harper & Row, 1989, com o título "A Debtor's Approach to the Debt Crisis" . (Paper in my edited book Dívida Externa: Crise e Soluções)

1985. The tax burden say what type state a nation has. in Brazil it is low in comparison with rich countries. It must be increased to finance the required social expenditures. (Lecture in Revista da Procuradoria Geral do Estado de S.Paulo)

1981. Economic policy is becoming endogenous as the state gets immobilised for fiscal and financial reasons. (Paper Brazilian Journal of Political Economy)