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The Political Construction of Brazil

Luiz Carlos Bresser-Pereira

Boulder, Co: Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2017

An encompassing analysis of Brazil's society, economy and politics since the Independence. A national-dependent interpretation. Three historical cycles of the relation state-society: State and Territorial Integration Cycle (1822-1929), Nation and Development Cycle (1930-1977) and Democracy and Social Justice Cycle (1977-2010). Crisis since then.

Review by Jose de Arimateia da Cruz 

 Contents: Introduction

1 Brazil: A History of Long Cycles and Short Political Pacts 

2 Colonial Constraints: Why Brazil Was Left Behind 
Part 1 The First Cycle: The State and Territorial Integration 

3  For Reasons of State: Territorial Integration 

4  Herding Oligarchs: Empire, Constitutionalism, and Federalism 

5 The First Republic:Prerequisite to Brazil's Capitalist Revolution 
Part 2 The Second Cycle: The Nation and Development 

6  Igniting Capitalism: The Profitable Revolution of 1930 

7  Imperialism and Industrialization: The 1930 National-Popular Pact 

8  Crisis, Coup, and Democracy: Resuming Developmentalism After 1945 

9  Coffee, Cold War, and Coup (Again): The End of the National-Popular Pact 

10  The Crisis of the 1960s:Inflation and the Emergence of Popular Participation 

11 The Military in Power: The Authoritarian-Modernizing Pact 

12 The Logic of Domination: The Limits of Dependency Theory 

13 Neutralizing the Dutch Disease: Exporting Manufactured Goods 

14 The Military in Office: Rise and Decline in the 1970s 
Part 3: The Third Cycle: Democracy and Social Justice 

15 The Democratic-Popular Pact: The Bourgeoisie and the Working Class 

16 The Lost Decade: Stagnation and Inertial Inflation in the 1980s 

17 The Crisis of 1987: The Collapse of the Democratic-Popular Pact 

18 From Elite to Social Democracy: The 1988 Constitution 

19 Neoliberal Rule: Privatization and the 1991 Liberal-Dependent Pact 

20 Tackling High Inflation: The Real Plan 

21 Liberal Rhetoric: The Trap of Overvalued Exchange Rates and High Interest Rates 

22 Lula, Dilma, and the Alienation of the Elites 

23 The Pact that Never Was 

24 The Quasi-Stagnation Since 1981

25 Preference for Immediate Consumption and Loss of the Idea of Nation 

Part 4 Conclusion 

26 Brazil's Capitalist Revolution, Democracy . . . and Then?