The Political Construction of Brazil

2017. An encompassing analysis of Brazil’s society, economy and politics since the Independence. A national-dependent interpretation. Three historical cycles of the relation state-society: State and Territorial Integration Cycle (1822-1929), Nation and Development Cycle (1930-1977) and Democracy and Social Justice Cycle (1977-2010). Crisis since then. (Book: Lynne Rienner Publishers)

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Macroeconomia Desenvolvimentista

2016. With José Luis Oreiro e Nelson Marconi. Our more complete analysis of Developmental Macroeconomics – the central economic theory within New Developmentalism. (book)

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Managerial reform and legitimization of the social state

Luiz Carlos Bresser-Pereira

Revista de Administração Pública, 51 (1): 147-156.


This paper lists three new historical facts after the Second World War: the emergence of the welfare or social state in the 1940s, its rejection by a rentier and financier neoliberal ideology that becomes dominant from the 1980s, and the formulation and adoption of the managerial reform of the state as a way to legitimize the social state against the attack that it was suffering by making its universal social services more efficient. The 1995 Managerial Reform of the State in Brazil was formulated and has been adopted according to this logic.



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