The Political Construction of Brazil

2017. An encompassing analysis of Brazil’s society, economy and politics since the Independence. A national-dependent interpretation. Three historical cycles of the relation state-society: State and Territorial Integration Cycle (1822-1929), Nation and Development Cycle (1930-1977) and Democracy and Social Justice Cycle (1977-2010). Crisis since then. (Book: Lynne Rienner Publishers)

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Macroeconomia Desenvolvimentista

2016. With José Luis Oreiro e Nelson Marconi. Our more complete analysis of Developmental Macroeconomics – the central economic theory within New Developmentalism. (book)

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Economic reforms and economic growth: efficiency and politics in Latin America

Luiz Carlos Bresser-Pereira

Chapter 1 of L.C.Bresser-Pereira, J.M.Maravall and A.Przeworski (1993) Economic Reforms in New Democracies. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press: 15-76. Em português: Revista de Economia Política 11(4), outubro 1992. The initial version of this chapter served as base for the comments of Jairo Abud (1992) in "Interpretação gráfica dos custos de programas de ajustamento".


Stabilization and other market-oriented economic reforms face a double challenge in new democracies: they have to be economically effective and politically feasible. Economits usually emphasize the former aspect, political scientists the latter, but the two are interdependent and equally important.


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