The Political Construction of Brazil

2017. An encompassing analysis of Brazil’s society, economy and politics since the Independence. A national-dependent interpretation. Three historical cycles of the relation state-society: State and Territorial Integration Cycle (1822-1929), Nation and Development Cycle (1930-1977) and Democracy and Social Justice Cycle (1977-2010). Crisis since then. (Book: Lynne Rienner Publishers)

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Macroeconomia Desenvolvimentista

2016. With José Luis Oreiro e Nelson Marconi. Our more complete analysis of Developmental Macroeconomics – the central economic theory within New Developmentalism. (book)

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Democracia republicana e participativa

Luiz Carlos Bresser-Pereira

Novos Estudos CEBRAP 71, março 2005: 77-91.

In developed countries, democracy was liberal during the first half of the XXth century and social democratic during the second. At the present moment, it is in transition to republican or participative democracy. Liberal democracy was elitist, and social democracy was pluralist, since on it the general opinion of electors has become the main preoccupation of politicians. Lately, democracy is becoming republican or participative because citizens attemp more and more at influencing political decision through civil society organizations. In the future, one could think about a deliberative democracy, since public debate is enhanced, political advocacy gets stronger and the responsibility of politicians is reinforced. A brief review of the literature concerning participative democracy states the argument.


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