Prefácio à 9ª. edição de José Carlos Reis, As Identidades do Brasil de Varnhagen a FHC. Rio de Janeiro: Editora Fundação Getúlio Vargas, 2007: xvii-xvi. (1ª. Edição: 1999).
The two more important member of the “School of Sociology of São Paulo”, respectively Florestan Fernandes e Fernando Henrique Cardoso identified themselves with dependency theory. The former, in A Revolução Buruguesa, with its Marxist “super-exploração” version, the later with the “associated dependency” version, from which was the main author. Both disregard the national problem.