Luiz Carlos Bresser-Pereira
Boulder, Co: Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2017

An encompassing analysis of Brazil’s society, economy and politics since the Independence. A national-dependent interpretation. Three historical cycles of the relation state-society: State and Territorial Integration Cycle (1822-1929), Nation and Development Cycle (1930-1977) and Democracy and Social Justice Cycle (1977-2010). Crisis since then.


1 Brazil: A History of Long Cycles and Short Political Pacts
2 Colonial Constraints: Why Brazil Was Left Behind

Part 1 The First Cycle: The State and Territorial Integration 
3  For Reasons of State: Territorial Integration
4  Herding Oligarchs: Empire, Constitutionalism, and Federalism
5 The First Republic:Prerequisite to Brazil’s Capitalist Revolution

Part 2 The Second Cycle: The Nation and Development 
6  Igniting Capitalism: The Profitable Revolution of 1930
7  Imperialism and Industrialization: The 1930 National-Popular Pact
8  Crisis, Coup, and Democracy: Resuming Developmentalism After 1945
9  Coffee, Cold War, and Coup (Again): The End of the National-Popular Pact
10  The Crisis of the 1960s:Inflation and the Emergence of Popular Participation
11 The Military in Power: The Authoritarian-Modernizing Pact
12 The Logic of Domination: The Limits of Dependency Theory
13 Neutralizing the Dutch Disease: Exporting Manufactured Goods
14 The Military in Office: Rise and Decline in the 1970s

Part 3: The Third Cycle: Democracy and Social Justice 
15 The Democratic-Popular Pact: The Bourgeoisie and the Working Class
16 The Lost Decade: Stagnation and Inertial Inflation in the 1980s
17 The Crisis of 1987: The Collapse of the Democratic-Popular Pact
18 From Elite to Social Democracy: The 1988 Constitution
19 Neoliberal Rule: Privatization and the 1991 Liberal-Dependent Pact
20 Tackling High Inflation: The Real Plan
21 Liberal Rhetoric: The Trap of Overvalued Exchange Rates and High Interest Rates
22 Lula, Dilma, and the Alienation of the Elites
23 The Pact that Never Was
24 The Quasi-Stagnation Since 1981 337 25 Preference for Immediate Consumption and Loss of the Idea of Nation

Part 4 Conclusion 
26 Brazil’s Capitalist Revolution, Democracy . . . and Then?