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After balance of powers diplomacy, globalization’s politics

2002. After the end of the Cold War balance of powers diplomacy is over. Major nations are now not enemies but competitors in a global system which is being institutionalized. Portuguese version available. (Paper: In Eric Hershberg’s edited book)*.

Revolução capitalista e Estado desenvolvimentista

2013. Article being written. Comments welcome.

Transição, consolidação democrática e revolução capitalista

2011. Transition to democracy can happen before the capitalist revolution, but democratic consolidation depends that it is “completed”, i.e., that economic surplus is appropriated in the market. (Paper: Dados).

Desenvolvimentismo: ideologia do desenvolvimento econômico dos países retardatários

2012. Bresser-Pereira recorda que, no Brasil, o nacional-desenvolvimentismo foi a estratégia dominante entre 1930 e 1980, e teve êxito em promover a industrialização ou, mais amplamente, a revolução capitalista do país (Entrevista de Graziela Wolfart).

Desenvolvimento e subdesenvolvimento no Brasil

2011. A summary of Brazil`s development. Why it became backward. How it eventually made its national and capitalist revolution and turned a middle income country. (Article in book edited by André Botelho and Lilia Moritz Schwarcz).

Império e nação na sociedade global (e o Brasil)

2011. Latecomers – the countries that didn`t made their Capitalist Revolution in the 18th or the 19th century need nationalist revolutions to fight imperialism and make their own national and industrial revolution. (Paper being worked)

As duas fases da história e as fases do capitalismo

2011. The capitalist revolution is a major economic and social change that divides the history of mankind in two parts, as it opens room to development. Capitalist development, on its hand, follows a number o phases or stages. (Paper: Crítica e Sociedade)

Why did democracy become consolidated only in the twentieth century?

2011. (Paper) The final version of this paper is Democracy and capitalist revolution,but I decided to conserve this earlier version.

Revolta no Oriente Médio e revolução capitalista

2011. The Arab peoples finally revolt. Pre-industrial countries, they fight for democracy and economic opportunity in countries dominanted by the “Ocident” – a classical eupheminism for the industrial empires the dominated the Near Orient since the 19th century. (Política Democrática)

Democracy or capitalist revolution? (Folha, 30.1.11)

2011. I know of no country that became a stable democracy without previously achieving its national revolution. (Article: Folha de S. Paulo)

Nação, sociedade civil, Estado e estado-nação: uma perspectiva histórica

2009. Nation and civil society are forms of politically organized societies, the state, the central institution, and the nation-state the basic territorial-political unity that the Capitalist Revolution originated. This article orginated “Estado, estado-nação e Revolução Capitalista” (2010). (Discussion paper EESP/FGV 189)

Democracia possível e Estado capaz na América Latina

2009. A consolidated democracy requires a capable state, a strong nation and an active civil society. The quality of democracy must be improved but it is a mistake to o include in the concept of democracy more than its minimum, procedural, requirements. (Paper)

Desenvolvimento econômico e revolução capitalista

2008. Economic development as well as nations, the modern state, and the nation-state are outcomes of the Capitalist Revolution – this tectonic structural change formed by three sub-revolutions: the Commercial, the National and the Industrial revolutions. (Discussion paper)

Nação, Estado e Estado-nação

2008. Three basic definitions nations are a form of politically organized society that emerges with capitalism the state, the law system and the organization that enforces it the nation-state, the basic territorial-political unity in capitalism. Note only in this site

Por que a democracia se tornou dominante e consolidada apenas no século XX?

2008. Only in early twentieth century the bourgeoisie accepted democracy. The new historical fact that led to to democracy was the capitalist revolution. The final version of this paper is Democracy and capitalist revolution.