2017. This paper defines the state as the law system and the organization that guarantees and the nation-state as the political society formed by a nation, a state and a territory. Second, it discusses the forms of informal political intermediation between the state and society. (Revista Lua Nova)
2011. Transition to democracy can happen before the capitalist revolution, but democratic consolidation depends that it is “completed”, i.e., that economic surplus is appropriated in the market. (Paper: Dados).
2010. Despite the fact that politics (the art of governing the state) is subjected to economic and political constraints, it counts with a relative autonomy. Whereas society and the economy are the realm of necessity, politics is the realm of men's will and freedom. (Paper: Lua Nova)
2009. Este livro discute, do ponto de vista histórico, a construção de um “Estado republicano”, ou seja, um Estado forte e capaz, dotado de legitimidade democrática e de eficiência administrativa, e apto a se defender contra indivíduos e grupos poderosos que buscam capturá-lo ou privatizá-lo. Em inglês “Democracy and Public Management Reform”. (Book: Editora FGV)
1997. After the civil, the political and the social rights, republican rights are emerging or being enforced. The republican rights are the rights that every citizens has that the public patrimony is not captured by private interests. English version and Spanish version available. (Paper in Revista de Filosofia Política).*
2002. After the civil, the political and the social rights, republican rights are emerging or being enforced. The republican rights are the rights that every citizens has that the public patrimony is not captured by private interests. Portuguese version and Spanish version available. (Paper Citizenship Studies) *
1999. As the democracy advances, civil society and its organizations get also more democratic, and their power in making politicians and bureaucrats accountable increases. (Paper in edited book by Bresser-Pereira, Wilheim and Sola)
1995. The concept of state and the main theories. The role of civil society in assuring democratic legitimacy to the state. English version available. (Paper: Lua Nova)*