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Empresários e Administradores no Brasil

1974. The modernization and profissionalization of the business enterprises in Brazil. The social origins and the career of Paulista chief executives. (COMPLETE BOOK)

O Colapso de uma Aliança de Classes

1978. The beginning of the transition to democracy in Brazil: the Brazilian bourgeoisie reacts to the authoritarian “Pacote de Abril” of 1977 breaking down its 1964 alliance with the military. (Complete book: PDF in this site, and in the AppStore)

Os empresários industriais brasileiros depois do fim da hegemonia neoliberal

2013. With Eli Diniz. Brazilian industrialist ceased to be part of the dominant political coalition from the late 1980s to the the mid 2000s. Yet, since the Lula administration, the emergence of a new developmentalism, and the 2008 collapse of neoliberalism, they are again being heard in Brazil. Actualized version of a previous paper. Also available German version. (To be published in edited book)

Empresariado industrial, democracia e poder político

2009. With Eli Diniz. Brazilian industrialist ceased to be part of the dominant political coalition in the late 1980s in the 2000s, as new developmentalism is being discussed, there are signals that they are coming back. (Paper in Novos Estudos Cebrap).

Nacionalismo no centro e na periferia do capitalismo

2008. Nationalism is a major ideology of capitalism together with liberalism, socialism, efficientism and ambientalism. It is the ideology of the nation and of economic development. When radical, or ethnic, it is dreadful. (Paper: Revista Estudos Avançados (- da USP))

Depois do consenso neoliberal, o retorno dos empresários industriais?

2008. With Eli Diniz. Brazilian industrial entrepreneurs associated with the state bureaucracy were dominant from 1930 to late 1980s. Now, they may be returning to power. At least they are better prepared for that. (Paper to be published)

Burocracia pública e classes dirigentes no Brasil

2007. The Brazilian state bureaucracy was part of the ruling class in association with the industrial bourgeoisie between the 1930s and the 1980s. English version available. (Paper: Revista de Sociologia e Política (Univ.Paraná).

Esquerda nacional e empresários na América Latina

2007. Businessmen may support a moderate left political party if this party is also national commited to national economic development. Spanish version available.(Paper Lua Nova)

Acordo nacional no início do século XXI

2006. In order to become again a real nation Brazil needs a encompassing national agreement, where the association between businessmen and the state bureaucracy is key. (Note in , Economia Brasileira na Encruzilhada)

O Paradoxo da Esquerda no Brasil

2006. Why does the center-left win elections in Brazil but does not govern? Probabbly because the gap between civil society, which actually holds power, and the people is large.Spanish version available. (Paper in Novos Estudos Cebrap)

La paradoja de la izquierda en Brasil

2006. Why does the center-left win elections in Brazil but does not govern? Probabbly because the gap between civil society, which actually holds power, and the people is large. (Paper in edited book). Portuguese version available.

Izquierda nacional y empresarios en América Latina

2006. Businessmen may support a moderate left political party if this party is also national commited to national economic development. Portuguese version available.(Paper Nueva Sociedad).

Desenvolvimento e Crise no Brasil (5a. edição)

2003. The patterns of economic development and the political pacts in Brazil from Vargas (1930) to Lula (2003). 5th revised edition almost doubling the size of the book. English version available. (Book: Editora 34)

Empresários, suas origens e as interpretações do Brasil

1993. In a 1964 I demonstrated that Brazilian entrepreneurs originated from the immigrant middle class. Nevertheless, dependency theory insisted that they originated from the coffee planters. It was a way of rejecting the possibility of a national bourgeoisie. (Paper: Revista Brasileira de Ciências Sociais)

The dialectic of redemocratization and abertura

1984. The 'abertura' is a strategy that military are using to postpone the democratic transition that became inevitable since the Brazilian business men broke down their alliance with them.(Paper in Development and Crisis in Brazil: 1930-1983.)