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O Colapso de uma Aliança de Classes

1978. The beginning of the transition to democracy in Brazil: the Brazilian bourgeoisie reacts to the authoritarian “Pacote de Abril” of 1977 breaking down its 1964 alliance with the military. (Complete book: PDF in this site, and in the AppStore)

Depois do ódio

27.12.2017. Why since 2013 we saw political hate in Brazil? I believe that the structural explanation for that. The white Brazilian elites always despised the negro or mestiça lower classes. Suddenly a politician originated from the excluded class, Lula, identified himself self with it, while his political party got involved in corruption. This was sufficient to the insecure middle-class developed hate – a sentment that is incompatible with democracy. (Note in the Facebook)

The Political Construction of Brazil

2017. An encompassing analysis of Brazil’s society, economy and politics since the Independence. A national-dependent interpretation. Three historical cycles of the relation state-society: State and Territorial Integration Cycle (1822-1929), Nation and Development Cycle (1930-1977) and Democracy and Social Justice Cycle (1977-2010). Crisis since then. (Book: Lynne Rienner Publishers)

Democracy and growth in pre-industrial countries

2017. Pre-industrial countries are supposed to realize their capitalist revolution in a global political famework that requires that they are democratic. But today's rich and middle income countries made it while their regimes was authoritarian. Publicado como Texto para Discussão

Defender Dilma será um dever cívico

2016. Defender Dilma neste momento é dever cívico. O impeachment é uma farsa jurídica que não podemos aceitar. Ele foi um dos escolhidos pela presidente para defendê-la no Senado. (Entrevista por Lúcia Müzell, da Radio France)

O mal-estar entre nós

2014. A sociedade brasileira está dividida politicamente entre ricos e pobres. Falta à nação um projeto — sobra o ódio, que eu nunca havia visto antes, e grande mal-estar. (Revista Interesse Nacional)

20 anos da Constituição (Folha, 6.10.08)

2008. The 1988 Brazilian Constitution was the outcome of a democratic and popular political pact. (Article: Folha de S.Paulo).

Terceiro mandato (Folha, 05.11.07)

2007. It a mistake to believe that Lula is working for a third mandate. He knows that democracy is consolidated in Brazil, and that such constitutional amendment has no chance of being approved. (Article: Folha de S.Paulo,5.11.2007)

Reforma política (Folha, 28.08.06)

2006. Political reform should begin by introducing districtal vote combined with open lists.(Article: Folha de S.Paulo)

Izquierda nacional y empresarios en América Latina

2006. Businessmen may support a moderate left political party if this party is also national commited to national economic development. Portuguese version available.(Paper Nueva Sociedad).

IDH, concentração e desenvolvimento (Folha, 12.09.05)

2005. The Brazilian IDH is improving not because income is increasing but because since the transition to democracy (1985) a major effort is being made in the area of social expenditures. (Article: Folha de S.Paulo)

Dr.Ulysses: O homem que pensou o Brasil

1993. Dr. Ulysses Guimarães was an outstanding public man. My personal and political relations with him. (Interview in the book Dr. Ulysses: O Homem que Pensou o Brasil).

Desenvolvimento e Crise no Brasil (5a. edição)

2003. The patterns of economic development and the political pacts in Brazil from Vargas (1930) to Lula (2003). 5th revised edition almost doubling the size of the book. English version available. (Book: Editora 34)

Democracia brasileira, no momento das eleições de 2002

2002. Presidential elections demonstrated that democracy is consolidated, in transition from an elites to a public opinions democracy. (Note: Not published)

Da política de elites à democracia de sociedade Civil

2000. Brazil, as all new democracies, is a “democracy of elites “. Yet, there are indication of a transition to what may be called “democracy of civil society”, where public opinion and public non state political advocacy organizations become relevant. English version available. (In Reis Velloso edited book)