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Why did Latin America fell behind East Asia

2018. Latin America fell behind because it adopted the neoliberal, and, considering new developmentalism theory, this resulted into an high interest rate and an overvalued exchange in the long-term. (slide presentation)

Amérique Latine : après les années néolibérales, l'État développementiste est-il de retour?

2012, com Daniela Theuer. After the failure of neoliberal reforms the developmental state is again being built in Latin America. Yet the task is extremely.difficult, particularly in the poorer countries. (Paper: Recherches Internationales). English and improved version available.

Um Estado novo-desenvolvimentista na América Latina?

2012, with Daniela Theuer. After the faillure of neoliberal reforms the developmental state is again being built in Latin America. Yet the task is extremely.difficult, particularly in the poorer countries. (Paper: Economia e Sociedade) English and improved version available. Published also in French.

From old to new developmentalism in Latin America

2011. My more complete paper on new developmentalism. In José Antonio Ocampo and Jaime Ros, eds. Handbook of Latin America Economics, Oxford: Oxford University Press. (Paper). Portuguese version available.

Do antigo ao novo desenvolvimentismo na América Latina

2011. New developmentalism is an alternative strategy to conventional orthodoxy and to old national developmentalism. It argues for the neutralization of the tendency of the exchange rate to appreciate and for fiscal responsibility.(Paper in the book in hommage to Maria Conceição Tavares)

From the national-bourgeoisie to the dependency interpretation of Latin America

2009. Over-exploitation as well as associated dependency interpretations denied the possibility of national bourgeoisies in the region and contributed to weakening Latin American nations. Only a third version of dependency – the national-dependent interpretation – escaped this fate. Published in English in Latin American Perspectives 178, vol. 38 (3) May 2011Portuguese and French versions available. (Paper: Latin American Perspectives).

Amérique Latine: de la interprétation nationaliste à la interprétation par la dépendance

2009. Over-exploitation as well as associated dependency interpretations denied the possibity of national bourgeoisies in the region and contributed to weakening Latin American nations. Only a third version of dependency – the national-dependent interpretation – escaped this fate. English and Portuguese versions available. (Paper: Revue Tiers Monde).

Democracia possível e Estado capaz na América Latina

2009. A consolidated democracy requires a capable state, a strong nation and an active civil society. The quality of democracy must be improved but it is a mistake to o include in the concept of democracy more than its minimum, procedural, requirements. (Paper)

América Latina para América Latina (Folha, 22.12.08)

2008. In globalization national autonomy became more strategic. The meetings of the regions chiefs of state without the the presence of major foreign powers is welcome. (Article: Folha de S.Paulo).

Governar países pobres (Folha, 5.5.08)

2008. The new nationalist leaders in Latin America face major obstacles. It is more difficult to govern poor than middle income countries. (Article: Folha de S.Paulo).

Le nouveau developpementisme et l'orthodoxie conventionnelle

2007. Paper comparing three growth strategies: old or national-developmentalism, new developmentalism, and Washington conventional orthodoxy – actually a form of neutralizing the catching up of medium income countries. English, Spanish, and Portuguese versions available. (Paper: Passages de Paris).

Macroeconomics of stagnation and new developmentalism in Latin America

2007.Paper comparing three growth strategies: old or national-developmentalism, new developmentalism, and Washingtons conventional orthodoxy – actually a form of neutralizing the catching up of medium income countries. Slightly improved version in relation to “New developmentalism and conventional orthodoxy”. (Paper in the book Keynes for the Twentieth Century)

México e Brasil (Folha, 18.06.07)

2007. Mexico and Brazil are good examples of what represents dependence, international subordination, in the competitive times of globalization. (Article: Folha de S.Paulo, 18.6).

Macroeconomia da estagnação e novo desenvolvimentismo

2007. Paper comparing three growth strategies: old or national-developmentalism, new developmentalism, and Washington's conventional orthodoxy – actually a form of neutralizing the catching up of medium income countries. Updated and improved version of “Novo desenvolvimentismo e ortodoxia convencional”. (Paper in book edited by Bresser-Pereira)

Hay espacio para un nuevo desarrollismo (Pagina 12, 29.4.07)

2007. Large interview to José Natanson on new developmentalism, Brazil and Argentina. (Pagina 12).